What is human rights abuse?
Is the unlawful prevention of a person’s enjoyment of his or her right as outlined in the constitution.
Example of human rights abuse
- G.M Female Genital Mutilation (women circumcision)
- Raping of women and children
- The killing of old people due to bad tradition
- Women beating from her husband
- Child labor
- Forced marriage
- Prohibiting women from inheritance
- Invasion of weak countries by bigger countries
- Idd Amin Dada vs Tanzania
FACTORS THAT CAUSE HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSE
- Negligence of the action
- Ignorance of the society concerned
- The selfishness of some individuals who consider only their interests.
Parents can abuse the right of their children by;
- Denying them education
- Not providing basic needs such as food and clothing for their children.
- Forcing their children to marry against their wishes, especially at a tender age.
- Giving their children severe punishment.
Society can be abuse individual rights through;
- Beating up and killing suspected criminals without giving them a fair trial in a court of law.
- Abandoning children in the streets.
- Stigmatizing less fortunate members of society such as the disabled and people living with HIV and AIDS.
Government can abuse human rights through ;
- Making oppressive laws that limit individual rights.
- Discriminating against some citizens due to their color, gender, religion, or ethnic origin.
- Not including a Bill of Rights in the Constitution.
- Not maintaining the rules of law.
Effects of human rights abuse
- Conflict among family members and in the community. This leads to unrest and instability in society.
- The conflict between citizen and their government. This makes it difficult for the government to enforce law and order.
- Citizens are unable to perform their duties and responsibility in peace
- Increased crime and poverty in the society.
- Oppression of the less fortunate member of the society, for example, workers, maybe underpaid or the poor may be denied justice in a court of law.
- Citizens are unable to obtain their basic needs when the right to work is denied or abuse
Ways to combat abuse of human rights
- The government has to maintain the rule of law. Where the rule of law is not being maintained, e.g. in countries at war, a lot of human rights abuses are experienced such as the inability to get basic needs.
- The government should educate its citizens about their basic rights so that they can claim them when they are denied.
- Society has to respect all people, including the sick and the disadvantaged.
- The courts of law should enforce the law in a just manner and punish those who abuse the right of others, such as thieves and murderers.
- There should be a system of controlling the activities of the government.
- The government has to be transparent in its operations.
- All people should be treated fairly and equally before the law.