Understand Human Rights Abuse

What is human rights abuse?

Is the unlawful prevention of a person’s enjoyment of his or her right as outlined in the constitution.

Example of human rights abuse

  • G.M Female Genital Mutilation (women circumcision)
  • Raping of women and children
  • The killing of old people due to bad tradition
  • Women beating from her husband
  • Child labor
  • Forced marriage
  • Prohibiting women from inheritance
  • Corruption
  • Invasion of weak countries by bigger countries
  • Idd Amin Dada vs Tanzania


  • Negligence of the action
  • Ignorance of the society concerned
  • The selfishness of some individuals who consider only their interests.

Parents can abuse the right of their children by;


  1. Denying them education
  2. Not providing basic needs such as food and clothing for their children.
  3. Forcing their children to marry against their wishes, especially at a tender age.
  4. Giving their children severe punishment.



 Society can be abuse individual rights through;


  1. Beating up and killing suspected criminals without giving them a fair trial in a court of law.
  2. Abandoning children in the streets.
  3. Stigmatizing less fortunate members of society such as the disabled and people living with HIV and AIDS.



  Government can abuse human rights through ;


  1. Making oppressive laws that limit individual rights.
  2. Discriminating against some citizens due to their color, gender, religion, or ethnic origin.
  3. Not including a Bill of Rights in the Constitution.
  4. Not maintaining the rules of law.


Effects of human rights abuse


  1. Conflict among family members and in the community. This leads to unrest and instability in society.
  2. The conflict between citizen and their government. This makes it difficult for the government to enforce law and order.
  3. Citizens are unable to perform their duties and responsibility in peace
  4. Increased crime and poverty in the society.
  5. Oppression of the less fortunate member of the society, for example, workers, maybe underpaid or the poor may be denied justice in a court of law.
  6. Citizens are unable to obtain their basic needs when the right to work is denied or abuse
ALSO READ:  Promotion of Human Rights in Tanzania


Ways to combat abuse of human rights

  1. The government has to maintain the rule of law. Where the rule of law is not being maintained, e.g. in countries at war, a lot of human rights abuses are experienced such as the inability to get basic needs.
  2. The government should educate its citizens about their basic rights so that they can claim them when they are denied.
  3. Society has to respect all people, including the sick and the disadvantaged.
  4. The courts of law should enforce the law in a just manner and punish those who abuse the right of others, such as thieves and murderers.
  5. There should be a system of controlling the activities of the government.
  6. The government has to be transparent in its operations.
  7. All people should be treated fairly and equally before the law.

Melkisedeck Leon Shine

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