Gender is the fact of being male or female. That is the social relationship between men and women that deal with the roles and responsibilities of men and women in families’ communities and the country.
The concept of gender involves various concepts that inter relate or differ in the whole process of dealing with gender issues these concepts are:
- Gender equality
- Gender equities
- Gender roles
- Gender stereo types
- Gender discrimination
- Gender analysis
- Gender main streaming
- Gender blindness
- Gender balance
This is the exercise of fairness and justice to all sexes without discrimination or sex preference male or female. It is based on the belief that all people are equal and should have equal access to opportunities and resources. It is practiced in giving equal rights and opportunities to men and women.
It is based on measures to be taken to bridge the gap between men and women .This involve giving priority to women in order to reduce imbalance that already exists.For example empowering more women ,special seat in the parliament or reculute more girls in science studies.
To stereo type is to have a fixed idea about community, group or a person but which is usually not true in reality. Gender stereo typing therefore is the reflection of people’s attitude on practices on gender division of labour for example to believe that boys are capable in science subject than girls.
Is a situation where by one sex male or female is treated better or worse than the other. Some traditions and customs discriminate women and favour men. Women and girls are discriminated right from the family level. For example in some societies girls are not allowed to go to school. This leads to difference in social economic and development activities.
This is systematic effort to identify and understand the roles of women and men in a given society. It involves collection of gender specific information and data from the community. It is the first step towards making gender sensitive planning for promoting gender equality in society.
This is the in ability to know that there are different gender role responsibilities and a gender based hierarchy. This leads to the failure to realize that polices programmers and projects can have different impact on men and women.
A role is a duty or importance of a person or a group in a particular activity or area of life. Gender roles therefore are particular duties of a given sex male or female as determined by society.
Categories of gender roles
There are two categories of gender roles and these are;
- Reproductive roles
- Productive roles
These are activities that have no economic returns. However these roles are very important for social and family stability. For example a child bearing and domestic traits.
These are activities that men and women engage in to earn a living. They contribute directly to the economy; hence they are valued in many societies.
This is about ensuring that men and women participate equally at their work place.
Gender main streaming.
This is a situation of taking into consideration gender issues in development activities at all levels for example in making laws, policies and programmers. It helps men and women to benefit equally from development projects.