National Symbols Identifications and their Importance

National symbols are signs which represent a nation.

These are very important as they serve as are a reminder of our national hood to us and to the rest of the world. These include the National Anthem, The national flag, the coat of Arms, The Uhuru torch constitution, the presidential standard and the national currency.


The national anthem is the official song of the nation. It is played or sung on special occasions such as

  1. Before the president addresses the nation and after the address.
  2. When the president inspects the guard.
  3. At the opening of internal events e.g. Football matches.
  4. When the president or vice president visit another country.
  5. On the announcement of the death of president/vice president.
  6. When the national flag is being hoisted.

Importance of National Anthem

  1. It is symbol of our nationality and freedom.
  2. A unifying tool for Tanzanians.
  3. It makes citizens feel proud of their country.
  4. It is identity for internal recognition.
  5. It expresses a sense of belonging to Tanzania and African.

The National Anthem of Tanzania

  1. Mungu ibariki Africa

     Wabariki viongozi wake

     Hekima umoja na amani

     Hizi ni ngao zetu

     Africa na watu wake

     Ibariki A-frica

     Ibariki A-frica

     Tubariki watoto wa Africa


  1. Mungu ibariki Tanzania

     Dumisha uhuru na umoja  

     Wake kwa waume na watoto

     Mungu ibariki

     Tanzania na watu wake

     Ibariki Tanzania  

     Ibariki Tanzania  

     Tubariki watoto wa Tanzania


Flag is a piece of cloth with a special coloured design. National flag of Tanganyika was hoisted for the first time on 9th Dec 1961 and that of the united Republic of Tanzania was hoisted for the first time on 26th April 1964 when Tanganyika and Zanzibar united to form Tanzania. The main function of a national flag is to show that Tanzania is a complete independent and sovereign state. The national flag has four different colours which are black, green, blue, and yellow.

  1. BLACK: Represents the skin colour of the African who are the indigenous of Tanzania.
  2. YELLOW: Represents the natural wealth of Tanzania like minerals and national parks.
  3. BLUE: Stands for the part of Indian Ocean and other water bodies found in Tanzania.
  4. GREEN: Represents land vegetation of Tanzania.

Importance of National flag.

  1. It is symbol for freedom and unity of the people. 2. It is state symbol for the country and its citizens.
  1. A symbol for nationality of Tanzania.
  2. Sometimes represents misfortune like death of state leader or many people at once and it is hoisted half most.



The coat of Arm is a government longoar emblem  which comprises many different colours and land make of the nation of Tanzania. It is the official stamp of the government.

The Coat of Arm has 12 components  

  1. Two human figures.-man and woman represent people of Tanzania. The two figure symbolize cooperation between men and women in bringing development  
  2. National flag- The flag as a symbol of national freedom.
  3. Uhuru Torch-The torch represents national freedom and prosperity.
  4. Crossed axe and hoe-These represen the tools which Tanzania used to develop their county      
  5. Elephant tusks- as symbol for national resources (plant and animal/ wildlife).
  6. Shield and spear- as symbol for tradition weapons of defense.
  7. Sea waves- represent parts of water bodies such as Ocean, river, lake of Tanzania.
  8. Cloves and cotton– stands for cash crops produced in Tanzania.
  9. The inscription UHURU NA UMOJA- This means freedom and unity, it is the national moto of the United Republic of Tanzania.
  10. Peak of Mount Kilimanjaro– This mount is a source of pride for Tanzania
  11. Golden band on the upper part of the shied- Represent the mineral wealth of the country
  12. Red band on the shied- Represent fertile red soil in Tanzania
ALSO READ:  The Constitution of United Republic of Tanzania: Concept, types, amendment, importance and protection

Importance of Coat of Arm

 The Tanzanians coat of arm plays an important role because it functions as;

  1. National symbol for Tanzania as a state.
  2. It symbolizes state political and economical bases.
  3. It symbolizes our national culture and history.
  4. A seal of the president and government.
  5. A symbol of state sovereignty freedom and unity of the people.



        Is commonly know as the independence touch . Introduce for the first time by president of Tanzania M.J Kambarage Nyerere to symbolize freedom unity , love, dignity , solidarity, and hope. 

It was first lit top of Mount Kilimanjaro at mid night on 9th December1961. This was the day when Tanganyika got independence from Britain. Every year there is the Uhuru Torch races. The race starts and ends at different important points in the country. The Torch causes positive social political and economic message.

Significance of  the Uhuru Torch

  1. It symbolizes freedom and light 2. It promotes unity in the country.
  2. It promotes development through projects initiated during race e.g. school and health centers
  3. Promotes peace dignity respect and hope among Tanzanians

A constitution is the system of laws and basic principles by which the national is governed. Our country is ruled according to the constitution written 1977 since then it has been undergoing some amendments to suit the contemporary changes.


Importance of National Constitution

  1. It is the basic law from which other laws are created.
  2. It describes form and content of Tanganyika government.
  3. The government rules by the will of the people through the constitution .
  4. It describes clearly the relationship between citizens and state leaders.
  5. It shows the structure of the state organs.
  6. It states clearly the distributions of power among the state organs.
  7. It promotes human right.
ALSO READ:  The Concept of Nation



Currency is the system of money that a country uses. The Tanzania national currency is shillings. The value of shilling always appears as coin/notes.Currency is also called Money .Money is used for measuring value trading and paying for goods and services in a country .It is also use a means of settling debts.  

     Importance of national currency.

  1. It is used in buying and selling (Trade transaction)
  2. It is used to measure value.
  3. It is identity of nationality and freedom.
  4. It is a mean of setting debts.

     This is the language spoken by all people national country.

     The national language of Tanzania is Kiswahili.


       National festivals are days when we celebrate important national events most offices and business are normally closed on such day. During these days people remember important historical events which have taken place in the development of the national.


Are often categorized into two categories group which are;

  • Civic national festival and holiday.
  • Religion national festival.



  • Independence day – fall on 9th December each year ⇒⇒  
  • Union day – fall on 26th April each year
  • Zanzibar Revolution – fall on 12th January each year
  • Nane nane day – fall on 8 August each year
  • Mayday (workers day) fall on 1st may each year
  • Sabasaba day – fall on 7th July each year
  • Nyerere day – fall on 14th October each year
  • Karume day – fall on 7th April each year
  • New year day – fall on every 1st January


  • Christmass day – fall on 25 December each year
  • Boxing day – fall on 26 December each year
  • Good Friday – and Easter Monday holiday – depends on the christmass calendar.
  • Eid- el- Fitri and Eid – el haj pilgrimage to Mecca depends on the sight of the moon according to Muslim
  • Maulid day – according to Islamic calendar.



  • Keeps a history of our country a live
  • Leaders pass importance information to the public during these days
  • Provide an opportunity for citizen to meet and share day
  • These days promotes unity among Tanzania
  • Provide an opportunity to identify problems in the society through speeches.

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