The Concept of Nation

A nation: is a large group or community of people living in a  defined geographical area sharing common history culture and language under government e.g. Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, Malawi and Zimbabwe component of the nation.

A family is a social group people who are closely related to each other which comprise father, mother, children and sometimes close relatives like uncles, aunts etc.

A clan is a combination of various families.

A tribe is a group of different clans whose people of the same cultural history and language barrier

Therefore the combinations of several tribes make up the population of nation.

1.1. Components of Our Nation

There are seven main components that make our nation. These components are

  1. Country,
  2. Sovereignty,
  3. Government,
  4. People,
  5. Language,
  6. Culture

1.1.1. A country

is an area of land that has boundaries and is under the control of a government, sovereignty is the freedom that a country has governed itself. This means that there is no external power that controls that country.e.g Tanzania.

1.1.2. Sovereignty   

Is the authority of a state to govern itself or another state

There are two types of sovereignty Internal sovereignty

This is where a country has the power to supervise all its internal affairs. Tanganyika becomes a sovereignty state on 9th December 1961 and Zanzibar got its sovereignty on 10th December 1963. External Sovereignty

This is where a country has the freedom to form its governing policy and foreign policy.

Tanzania is a sovereignty state. It has both internal and external sovereignty.

1.1.3. Government

Refers to the selected or elected group of people who are responsible for controlling a country or state. In other words, the government is the body of people which administers the state and maintains law and order. The government has power and authority to control and direct people’s activities within its territory.

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In Tanzania we use the republic system of government. This means that the country is headed by a president and political leaders elected by the people.

1.1.4. People

Refers to the person who belongs to a particular country. In 2012 the population of Tanzania was estimated to be 47,445,392 people. The Tanzania people have their own central government national language common culture and history. The people in a nation must live peacefully. Solve their problems and develop their nation.

1.1.5. Language

Is the system of communication mostly in speech and writing that is used by the people of a particular society. Tanzania has more than 130 tribes that speak their tribal language but the national language is Swahili. A national language such as Swahili.

1.1.6. Culture

Refers to the customs and beliefs of a particular group of people. It also includes the people’s art way of life and social organization.

1.1.7. History

Refer to the past events that occurred in the development of a nation. Tanzania as a nation has a long history that includes events from pre colonial and post-colonial times

Melkisedeck Leon Shine

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