The concept of Economic and Social Development


Refers to the improvement of living standard of the people in all aspects of life such as economical social and cultural and spiritual and materially




Refers to the positive change in human life and the increase of quality, quantity and values of goods and services produced in a given society


Refer to the improvement of quality of life of all people in a given nation or society



1.1.1. Types of development

There are two types of development known as:

Economic development

Which is shown by the improvement of an agricultural production industrial production trade activities and material production activities?


Social development

This is shown by the improvement of social welfare of the people in a given community such as improvement of education, science and technology, health service, transport and communication service and other social services provided in the society.

1.1.2. Levels of development


Development can be described at two levels such as


A. Individual (personal) level

This is shown by the increase of skills capacity great freedom, creativity self discipline and material well being.

The common indicators of individuals development includes


1. Level of education

2. Diet and eating habits

3. Rate of income

4. Tools used in production process


B. National development level

This means better living condition for all people in the country in terms of moral and spiritual improvement and material well being


The common indicators of national development include:


Per capita income

Life expectance of the people

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Literacy rate

Energy consumption

Daily food supply


Melkisedeck Leon Shine

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