THE CHAGA RESISTANCE AGAINST COLONIAL RULE1892

This was a small scale resistance led by chief MANGI SINA OF KIBOSHO and CHIEF MANDARA OF MOSHI (MARANGU) against the Germans in 1892.

At the end Germany defeated SINA of Kibosho and Mandara [lindi] of Marangu following disunity among the chiefs brought about by chief enmity.

At first the Germans entered on the land of the Chagga following the agreements of treaties signed by the local chiefs because the local chiefs were competing in welcoming foreigners and caravan routes for economic motives.

Due to this chief Mangisina got a lot of wealth from caravan trade routes from foreigners. Therefore chief Mandara tried his level best to safeguard his trade routes by providing enough supply of cattle and food to feed the caravan trade routes.

Chief Mandara decided to wage war against Chief Sina of Kibosho in order to get enough food and cattle supply to feed the caravan trade routes.

The Germany used the advantage of that Chief enmity between Chief Mandara and Sina of Kibosho by supporting Chief Mandara due to their friendship against Sina of kibosho who was not Germany friend because he lowered the Germany flag. The Sina of Kibosho was defeated when Mandara died in 1892 while the struggle continued by chief Mandala’s successor known as Chief (Mangi) Marialle.

Chief Marialle used diplomatic struggle by convincing Germany to live in Marangu which declared safe than Moshi.

Chief Marialle’s successor was chief Meli who killed a messenger sent by Germans. The Chief Marialle claimed to Germany that the messenger was killed by chief Meli as a result Germany attacked Chief Meli and hanged him in 1892 which marked the end of the resistance.

ALSO READ:  THE YAO RESISTANCE [1890-1899]

CAUSES OF THE CHAGA RESISTANCE

1. Interference of trade.

2. Presence of chief enmity between chief Mandara of Marangu and Sina of kibosho which Germany interred.

3. Need to control trade.

4. To maintain the power; Chagga chiefs waged for war because they wanted to safeguard and maintain their power.

Melkisedeck Leon Shine

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