THE GREAT BOERS TREK OR THE AFRIKANER EXODS IN SOUTH AFRICA

 

The great Boer Trek was a movement of the Boers from the cape towards the interior of South  Africa

The great Boer Trek mainly started in 1835 and it is not easy to determine when it ended.

 

1.1.1. The reasons for Great Boer Trek were

 

 

  1. Need for land – at the cape the area was over populated.

 

  1. Introduction of English as official language at the cape by the British.

 

  1. Abolition as slavery by British at the cape in 1834 – British abolished the use of KhoiKhoi as slaves to work on the farms.

 

  1. Introduction of circuit court by the British brought the idea that KhoiKhoi had to be treated equally this action humiliated the Boers.

 

  1. The British Missionaries make Boers not to mistreat the African especially the

 

1.1.2. Impacts/effects of Great Boer Trek.

 

  1. Land in Natal, Orange Free State and Transvaal was taken by

 

  1. They raided cattle and wealth of
  2. Boers broke up the unity of South Africans.
  3. Boers broke brought conflict and wars.
  4. Introduction of apartheid in South Africa.

 

NB: The great Boers Trek ruined the Africans societies and enriched the Boers from Holland.

 

1.1.3. THE ANGLO-BOER WARS

 

The war was between the British and Boers.

 

1.1.3.1. 1. The first Anglo-Boer war of 1880-1881.

 

The British fought against the Boers in Transvaal after the discovery of diamond in 1867.

 

1.1.3.1.1. REASONS

 

  1. The British annexed Transvaal from the Boers.
  2. The British imposed tax on the farmers in Transvaal, Boers hated
  3. The Boers thought that that they could fight and defeat the British soldiers in 1880 after the British defeated by the Zulu at the of ISAND HLWANA in 1879.
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1.1.4. THE PRETORIA CONVENTION OF 1881

 

Convention reached as a last solution of ending the war; Lead by British Prime Minister Mr. GLADSTONE.

 

Agreements were;

 

  1. The British and the Boers agreed to end the enmity.
  2. The Boers were granted international self
  3. The external matters of Transvaal remained in the hands of
  4. British goods had not to be discriminated by
  5. Civil rights of the wit Landers were to be respected witlander- (British people of in origin).

 

1.1.5. The second Anglo-Boers war of 1899-1902.

 

The war occurred between the British and Boers republic. It needed with signing the peace treaty called VERRETING on 31st May, 1902 in Pretoria.

 

1.1.5.1. Causes of second Anglo-Boers war

 

  1. British desire to make a federation government between the Boer Republic of Natal, Orange Free State and Transvaal.
  2. The railway tariff conflict between the British at Cape and Boers in British had markets both cape and Transvaal.
  3. Discovery of Diamonds in the Kimberly in 1867 brought
  4. The Pretoria convection did not put a principal solution for the independence of the

 

  • The Discovery of gold deposit in 1886 at Witwatersrand in Transvaal.

 

  • James on raid of 1895 made the Boers fight.

 

  • The British protection of witlanders; witlanders were people of the British in origin on Transvaal (they were denied citizenship, high tax was imposed on them).

Melkisedeck Leon Shine

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