THE TRANS-ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE

1.1.1. FACTORS THAT INFLUENCED THE TRANS-ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE.

 

  1. The discovery of new world.

 

After discovery of the new world by Christopher Columbus in 1492 Britain colonized modern days united state of America (USA), the French occupied Canada, Portugal colonized Brazil and Spain colonized Latin America.

 

The Europeans found the natives (Red Indians) unfit for labor in the mines and plantations because they were weak and affected by small pocks and lived nomadic life.

 

  1. Advancement in marine technology between 15th and 17th Europeans nations developed marine technology as they had ships which could carry bullay cargo for a long distance.
  2. Trade in gold from West Africa slave labour was used to the East then it was sent
  3. Settlement of Portuguese in Saotome and principal islands where they opened sugar

 

1.1.2. RESULTS OF TRANS – ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE ECONOMIC RESULTS.

  1. Decline of production; this led people not to engaged in production especially in agriculture and mining activities due to slave trade.
  2. Decrease of manpower; most of energetic people were captured and taken as slaves.
  3. Technological
  4. Introduction of new crops example bananas, beans, cassava, and
  5. Development of forts example Lagos, port novo and Dakar
  6. Emergency of local wealth classes; African local rulers participated in slave trade they become rich example Asantehene of
  7. Integration of Africa into the world capitalist economy hence led to colonization of African
  8. Introduction of legitimate trade after abolition of slave trade; this was trade in natural products example rubber, cotton, palm oil and grand nuts.
ALSO READ:  ABUSHIRI AND BWANAHERI RESISTANCE 1888-1889

 

1.1.2.1. SOCIAL EFFECTS OF TRANS-ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE

 

  1. Fear and insecurity.
  2. Emergence of mullatos in West Africa.
  3. Retardation of African
  4. Families were broken
  5. They established artificial boundaries and
  6. They opened up the interior of African where they search was

They facilitate destruction of African culture

Melkisedeck Leon Shine

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